Overview Of Heat Cramps
- Heat cramps occur as a result of involuntary muscle spasms.
- They usually occur due to a lack of sodium and water.
- Heat cramps are excruciating, could be serious.
- Lots of physical training in hot weather causes extreme sweating.
- This results in a shortage of electrolytes, thus causing muscle cramps.
- The muscles that are the most affected by heat cramps are:
d. Back; and
- Fortunately, out of all the heat-related injuries, heat cramps are the least serious.
- Although, heat cramps are a sign of heat exhaustion.
Risk Factors Related To Heat Cramps
- This is because of a negative sodium balance.
- Diuretic medicines (also known as water pills).
Causes Of Heat Cramps
- The occurs during extreme heat.
- Heat cramps occur when a person becomes dehydrated.
- Heat cramps also occur as a result of extreme sweating.
- It also usually occurs when the body loses its natural salt.
- Muscle stress can lead to heat cramps.
- If your body is in poor physical condition, you are more susceptible to heat cramps.
Symptoms Of Heat Cramps
The following symptoms may be experienced:
- Fast heartbeat; and
- Skins feels sweaty and hot.
Treatment Of Heat Cramps
- Relax for a short while and cool down.
- Physical pressure or massaging the affected area can be applied to ease tension.
- Drink some water with about one teaspoon of salt.
- Drink some liquids that contain electrolytes (sports drink etc.).
- Practice some stretching workouts to exercise the affected muscle.
- If the cramps carry on for more than one hour, then phone your doctor for medical assistance.
Diagnosis Of Heat Cramps
Heat cramps generally get better with:
- A drink that contains electrolytes.
- Sitting in the cool shade; out of the sun.
Prevention Of Heat Cramps
- Sufficient liquids must be consumed.
- Liquids must be consumed before you start feeling thirsty.
- Don’t do too much exercises in hot conditions.