Treating Heat Cramps

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Overview Of Heat Cramps

  • Heat cramps occur as a result of involuntary muscle spasms.
  • They usually occur due to a lack of sodium and water.
  • Heat cramps are excruciating, could be serious.
  • Lots of physical training in hot weather causes extreme sweating.
  • This results in a shortage of electrolytes, thus causing muscle cramps.
    Heat cramps occur as a result of involuntary muscle spasms
    Heat cramps occur as a result of involuntary muscle spasms
  • The muscles that are the most affected by heat cramps are:
    a. Thighs;
    b. Abdomen;
    c. Calves;
    d. Back; and
    e. Arms.
  • Fortunately, out of all the heat-related injuries, heat cramps are the least serious.
  • Although, heat cramps are a sign of heat exhaustion.

Risk Factors Related To Heat Cramps

  • This is because of a negative sodium balance.
  • Diuretic medicines (also known as water pills).

Causes Of Heat Cramps

  • The occurs during extreme heat.
  • Heat cramps occur when a person becomes dehydrated.
  • Heat cramps also occur as a result of extreme sweating.
  • It also usually occurs when the body loses its natural salt.
  • Muscle stress can lead to heat cramps.
  • If your body is in poor physical condition, you are more susceptible to heat cramps.

Symptoms Of Heat Cramps

The following symptoms may be experienced:

  • Fainting;
  • Collapsing;
  • Fatigue;
  • Biliousness;
  • Sickness;
  • Fast heartbeat; and
  • Skins feels sweaty and hot.

Treatment Of Heat Cramps

  • Relax for a short while and cool down.
  • Physical pressure or massaging the affected area can be applied to ease tension.
  • Drink some water with about one teaspoon of salt.
  • Drink some liquids that contain electrolytes (sports drink etc.).
  • Practice some stretching workouts to exercise the affected muscle.
  • If the cramps carry on for more than one hour, then phone your doctor for medical assistance.

Diagnosis Of Heat Cramps

Heat cramps generally get better with:

  • A drink  that contains electrolytes.
  • Sitting in the cool shade; out of the sun.
  • Rest.

Prevention Of Heat Cramps

  • Sufficient liquids must be consumed.
  • Liquids must be consumed before you start feeling thirsty.
  • Don’t do too much exercises in hot conditions.

Related Video On Heat Cramps

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