Giving First Aid for Seizures

A seizure is a medical condition that results from seizure disorders or epilepsy. It is important to have skills and knowledge to offer first aid for seizures because this is a fatal health problem. The problem involves convulsions and can at times lead to unconsciousness.

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Symptoms of Seizures

  • Unconsciousness
  • Convulsions
  • Muscle contractions
  • Lip smacking and loss of sensation
  • Confusion
  • Sleepiness after the seizure

There are many types of seizures but during first aid for seizures, this does not have a lot of impact on the process. First aid for this problem aims to keep the victim safe until the seizure comes to an end. In most cases, the problem lasts for half to two minutes. In case it takes a longer time than this, it is important to call 911 or any other emergency medical service provider.

What to Do When Someone is Having a Seizure?

    • Remain calm and reassure everyone around that all will be well to avoid any panic or commotions near the victim.
    • Ensure that anything around the neck such as ties, jewelry or cloth is loosened. This will ensure that the breathing process of the victim is not impended.
    • Never restrain the victim to avoid any form of injuries from occurring.
    • Do not hold the tongue, open the mouth or try to put anything into the victim’s mouth as this may cause injuries.
    • Make sure the area is clear of any health hazards such as blunt objects, furniture and others that may cause injuries not only to the victim, but also to you as the first aid giver.
Seizure management

During a seizure it is important for the rescuer to protect the victims head

  • As you give first aid for seizures, put something soft and flat under the head to enhance the recovery and make the victim more comfortable.
  • After the problem stops, let the person lay on their side to boost their breathing and ensure that the airway remains open.
  • Even after the end of the seizure, do not make the mistake of leaving the person alone. This is because they may suffer from confusion or get disoriented.

If the victim suffers from epilepsy, there is no need to call for an emergency service. However, dial 911 if:

  • The problem last for more than five minutes.
  • There is another seizure after the first one.
  • The person fails to wake after the movement ends.
  • The victim has other medical conditions such as heart problems or
  • If you suspect that there may be another problem.
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